Researchers

Prof Stéphane A. DUDOIGNON
Centre for Turkish, Ottoman, Balkan and Central Asian Studies (CETOBAC)
Contact
PSL Université/EHESS/CETOBAC
54, boulevard Raspail
F-75006 Paris

+331 4954 2699

+336 2550 1461


cetobac.ehess.fr
researchgate.net
ehess.academia.edu
fr.linkedin.com
Objects of Research
intermédiary bodies
minority populations
peripheries of empires
tribal societies
Hanafi Sunni Islam
Projects Management
Tribes & Scribes: The Tribal & Religious Phenomena in the Middle East and Central Asia, since WWI
PSL University & TEPSIS Programme of the French Agency for Research (ANR))
2017-2019
In the late 20th century, the social sciences of the wider Middle East have neglected the tribal phenomenon, postulating the tribe’s dissolution after the post-WWI political modernisations and the post-WWII massive drifts from the land. This was before tribes resurfaced during the uprisings, revolutions and counter-insurrections of the past half-decade in the Sahel, the Fertile Crescent and the south of the Arabic Peninsula. Through case studies spread out from the Atlas to Xinjiang, this project analyses how the modern transformation of tribes favoured the emergence from within them of new actors promoting sectarian values and solidarities. Our chronological framework has been extended to WWI, allowing us to reconstruct the role played by the rise and fall of modern empires and nation-states in these combinations of processes.

Allah's Kolkhozes: Migration, De-Stalinisation, Privatisation and the New Muslim Congregations in the Soviet Realm (1950s-2000s))
Volkswagen Foundation, Hannover
2009-2014
The larger part of the Muslim-background population in the post-Soviet space still lives in rural areas. Other than in many parts of the modern-day world of Islam, alternative, sometimes radical Islamic communities have emerged there outside of major cities and their suburbs. Eleven case studies trace the transformations of Soviet and post-Soviet Islam within collective farms of Inner Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia. The authors provide rich evidence of the close interplay between Soviet kolkhoz administrations and Islamic authorities that prepared the ground for the appearance of alternative congregations as for the post-Stalinian period -- well before the phenomenon became broadly visible in the late 1980s.

The Heritage of Soviet Orientalism
NWO, Amsterdam
2009-2015
The project analysed the history of Oriental and Islamic Studies in Russia, the Caucasus and Central Asia and its consequences for the discipline today. Its first goal was to study the research agendas and ideological approaches of the Oriental Studies institutions that emerged in the course of the 20th century in various republics of the USSR, the changing Soviet discourses on Islam and Muslim societies, the involvement of scholars in party and state agencies, and their role in anti-religious propaganda. Our second goal was to assess the legacy of the heavily politicised history of Soviet Oriental Studies in today’s Russia and the newly-independent Muslim-majority states of the Former Soviet Union.
Teachings
Autorité et politique dans le soufisme contemporain (Authority and Politics in contemporary Sufism)
EHESS, Lecture series, IISMM, French, English, 6
https://enseignements-2017.ehess.fr/2017/ue/1520/

L'Asie centrale dans tous ses Etats (Central Asia in all its States)
EHESS, Lecture series, CETOBAC, French, English, 6
https://enseignements-2017.ehess.fr/2017/ue/1518//
Publications
[book] The Baluch, Sunnism and the State in Iran: From Tribal to Global, London: Hurst -- New York: Oxford University Press, 2017
[edited volume] Allah's Kolkhozes: Migration, De-Stalinisation, Privatisation and the New Muslim Congregations in the Soviet Realm (1950s-2000s), Berlin: Klaus Schwarz, 2014, (with C. Noack)
[chapter] 'A Surrogate Aristocracy? Sufi Adab, Modernity, Rurality and Civilisation in Ex-Soviet Central Asia', in C. Mayeur-Jaouen & L. Patrizi, ed., Adab and Modernity: A ‘Civilisation Process’?, Leiden: Brill, 2018, in print
[chapter] 'Le gnosticisme pour mémoire? Déplacements de population, histoire locale et processus hagiographiques en Asie centrale postsoviétique', in A. Caiozzo & J.-C. Duchène, ed., De la Mongolie à l’Asie centrale, identités nomades et organisation de l’espace régional: mémoires et représentations, Valenciennes: Presses de l’Université de Valenciennes, 2018, in print
[chapter] 'Iran, an Unexpected Sunni Hub between South Asia and the Gulf', in C. Jaffrelot & L. Louer, ed., Islam between the Gulf and South Asia: Trans/International Networks, London: Hurst, 2017: 177-94
Ongoing Publications
[book] The Baluch, Sunnism and the State in Iran: From Tribal to Global, London: Hurst -- New York: Oxford University Press, 2017
[edited volume] Allah's Kolkhozes: Migration, De-Stalinisation, Privatisation and the New Muslim Congregations in the Soviet Realm (1950s-2000s), Berlin: Klaus Schwarz, 2014, (with C. Noack)
[chapter] 'A Surrogate Aristocracy? Sufi Adab, Modernity, Rurality and Civilisation in Ex-Soviet Central Asia', in C. Mayeur-Jaouen & L. Patrizi, ed., Adab and Modernity: A ‘Civilisation Process’?, Leiden: Brill, 2018, in print
[chapter] 'Le gnosticisme pour mémoire? Déplacements de population, histoire locale et processus hagiographiques en Asie centrale postsoviétique', in A. Caiozzo & J.-C. Duchène, ed., De la Mongolie à l’Asie centrale, identités nomades et organisation de l’espace régional: mémoires et représentations, Valenciennes: Presses de l’Université de Valenciennes, 2018, in print
[chapter] 'Iran, an Unexpected Sunni Hub between South Asia and the Gulf', in C. Jaffrelot & L. Louer, ed., Islam between the Gulf and South Asia: Trans/International Networks, London: Hurst, 2017: 177-94
Research Themes
abyzaccommodation with foreign dominanceagricultureal-Qaidaamulets & talismansanthologies (literary)anticlericalism‘asabiyyaasceticismatheismautobiographybook printingborderlands & borders disputescalligraphy (Arabic)cemeteriescinemacivil societycivil war of Tajikistanclans & clan structurecollectivisationcolonialismcolonisationconflict resolutionconversion‘corruption’cottoncriminalitydecolonisationdhikrdivinationeducationempireethicsethnic conflictsethnic history‘ethnicity’ethno-genesisethnographyfatwasfinancing of researchfunerary ritualsgnosis & gnosticismhagiographyhealers & healinghistorical ethnographyhistorical novelhistoriographyijtihadimperialismintelligentsiasinternetishansjihadkalamkhalifas (Isma‘ili)kinshipkolkhozeslibraries & librarianslineageslocal networks‘localism’maddahs & maddah-khwanimadhhabsmadrasasmagicmagical numbersmale unionsmaskhara-bazimemory (collective)minorities (ethnic)miraclesmosquesmountain-dwellersmuftiates (in the Russian Empire)mutawallis & mutawalliyatmystical pathsnation, nation-building, nationalismnomadic societies & way of life, nomadsotinspastoralismpeasantrypirs (Isma‘ili)privatisationqawmqawwalsqazisregionalismreligion (‘popular’)religion(s)religious personnelsaffronsaintly lineagessaints & sainthood‘salt duty’samizdatsayyidsschools & schoolingsecularism & secularisationsedentarisationsettling & settling policiesshrinessilsilasociabilitysorcerysovkhozesspiritssyncretismstabaqattadhkiratafsirtariqattoy (party)traditiontransition from socialismtribes & tribalismviolencewaqf-namaswaqfszemstvos