Examining the development of language legislation and policies in the Republic of Tatarstan since 1991, the author tries to demonstrate that asymmetrical federalism is a workable answer to Tatarstan’s demands for policy capacity, providing simultaneous assessments on the limits and latitudes of this republic’s language prerogatives. While placing restrictions on Tatarstan’s extra-republican claims, the Constitutional Court’s ruling of 2004 views Kazan’s language provisions as legitimate and legal as long as “they do not impede the functioning or study of Russian as a state language of the Federation of Russia.” The author subtly casts light on the fact that policymakers are conscious of the deficits of their policies, while they identify internal factors (lack of motivation, insufficient financial support. . .) as the main vectors of weakness. Even when they decry the lack of support on linguistic issues from the central government, Kazan’s policymakers refrain to show critical of the federal constraints themselves.