The edition of the present booklet must be resituated in the context of the publication of numerous polemic brochures on the role of rival political factions in the history of Central Asia under Russian dominance—particularly in the Emirate of Bukhara that has been chosed by the political authorities of Tajikistan as this newly independent country’s direct political ancestor.  Although the present work does not distinguish itself by the number of the author’s documentary discoveries, it proposes an original narrative of the history of the ‘Jadid’ movement in Bukhara since its appearance there the late nineteenth century, with a special interest in the ruptures and continuities that characterised this movement’s evolution during the first two decades of the Soviet period.  The author notably cuts off with the habit that has been adopted locally since independence to attribute to the Russian colonists and to the Bolsheviks all Central Asia’s recent misfortunes.  He tries to take into account the weigh of the Young-Bukharan movement’s inner divisions, and its contradictory ideological trends, in the failure of the Popular Republic of Bukhara between 1920 and 1924 and in the fatal ethno-territorial division of Central Asia from 1924 onward.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: I-3.4.C-300