Through a selection of mainly secondary sources, historian D. M. Iskhakov looks into the development of state culture among the Turkic peoples of Inner Eurasia through a range of spheres and symbols: diplomatic culture (and the role in them of sayyid lineages of the Middle Volga region: cf. D. M. Iskhakov, Seidy v poslezolotoordynskikh tatarskikh gosudarstvakh [The Sayyids in the Post-Golden Horde Tatar States], Kazan, 1997, 24-5); court ceremonial and etiquette; as well as seals and other attributes of state power (like crowns and thrones in late Tatar khanates). A number of data provided by the author however come from Russian chronicles, in which the mention of elements of state culture analogous to those of Muscovy when speaking of khanates did sometimes have a purely metonymic function.

The Redaction
CER: II-3.2.B-157