A leading theme in political science of Kyrgyzstan since the late 1990s, corruption in usually attributed by developing countries to market-oriented policies imposed by international monetary organisations, whilst to the latter’s view bad governance in these countries is the chief cause for the misallocation of resources. The author makes a contribution to this discussion by evaluating the causes and consequences of corruption in Kyrgyzstan. His article, based notably on the World Bank corruption report, addresses the factors arising from the reform movements in ‘transition countries’. Its overall diagnostic ― established before the 2005 revolution ― is that corruption level in Kyrgyzstan was expected to drop because of the reform movement and of the ensuing reduction of the size of the government. At the same time, the author was prudently putting forward that Kyrgyzstan’s place in corruption indexes would depend on the determination of policy makers to advance reform. . . .