Depicted as a Golden Age for the Central Asian Jews, the Russian colonial period in the Turkistan territory is evoked, on the basis of unfortunately non-depicted and non-criticised Russian archive documents, through the rights (of property, of trade, of confessional practice) granted to “autochthonous (tuzemnye)” Jews by the Russian administration. The author notably shows how, after the gradual establishment of the Russian protectorate over the Emirate of Bukhara in 1868 and 1873, the autochthonous Jews of the Turkistan territory were privileged over the Jews of the other regions of the Russian Empire, and over the Muslim population of Turkistan either. V. A. Ivanov shortly evokes the emigration of Jews from the Emirate of Bukhara in the 1870s, their growing concurrence with Hindu usurers in Turkistan, their practice of dumping in the trade of textiles, and the successive measures recommended by Russian administrators for struggling against their alleged monopolisation of varied fields of economic activity. On this aspect, the author astutely points out the disagreements between the Russian military administration (advocating a more restrictive policy towards the Jews of Bukhara) and the manufacture firms in Moscow, backed by the Russian Ministry of Finances (defending the rights of their Jewish intermediaries in Central Asia). He also sheds light on the lengthy implementation of the law adopted in 1910, under pressure of the Ministry of War, for the deportation of Jews from Bukhara enjoying the rights of autochthonous Jews.