This article based on complex statistics deals with the demographic issue in contemporary Russia, with special interest in the role of ethnicity in migration from rural to urban areas.  In order to determine diachronically the place of the ethnic factor, the author has chosen to study, in the multiethnic Republic of Bashkortostan (former Bashkir ASSR), nine rural districts with ethnically mixed populations.  Unfortunately, long explanations on the parameters of the inquiry give way to general considerations that do not justify the complexity of the analysis.  So much complication was not required to say that the ethnic factor was more decisive on migration behaviour before the economic crisis of the 1990s and the reduction of workforces needed by urban industries.

Xavier Le Torrivellec, National Institute for Oriental Languages and Civilisations, Paris
CER: I-7.2-615