The hua’er [花兒], a typical mountain song practiced by all the minzus (民族, national groups)—whether Muslim (Hui, Salar, Dongxiang, Bao’an) or not (Han, Tibetan)—in the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Ningxia are becoming a centre of interest for many.  Is the Hui minzu [the Chinese Muslims] the father of the hua’er, as some of them pretend?  This paper describes the shifts of the hua’er from oral songs to literary identity of a minzu, through these different kinds of written literature by young Hui authors.

The Redaction
CER: I-6.3.D-607