In his habitual fashion, C. E. Bosworth concentrates on the pre-Mongol period, with only a few lines to take the reader into modern times.  The Ghurid dynasty to whom the mountainous region in what is today north-western Afghanistan has given its name is treated in a separate entry, but some information is also available here.  The article focuses on the political history of the region, and this means that dynastic change takes up much of the article.  In all, Bosworth stresses the significance of the region as a refuge and retreat area, he also states that because of the rugged terrain, the region remains one of the least developed areas of the country.

Jürgen Paul, Martin Luther University, Halle
CER: I-2.4-127