A renowned specialist of the history of Islamic mortmain foundations (waqfs) in Central Asia, the author of this very short article strings up some chronological articulations of the history of mortmain rights in the first decade of the Soviet period: Lenin’s decree “On Land” (November 8, 1917) collectivising the belongings of churches and mosques in the RSFSR; the reservation of waqf incomes to cultural and educational institutions in the Turkistan ASSR from December 1922 onwards (in the Uzbek SSR from December 1925 onwards); the recommendations of the January 1925 congress of waqf personnel in Tashkent — showing an opposition between creatures of the Bolshevik party and advocates of a preservation of the waqfs non-linked with religious institutions. (Statistics from the General Direction of Waqfs — saruprawliniia-yi waqfi — of the Turkistan ASSR reveal till 1924 the wide range of institutions benefiting from this kind of subsidy, and the substantial part of waqf incomes in the financing of public educational and cultural institutions.)

The Redaction
CER: II-3.4.D-304