Reviews

Relying on a particularly indigent bibliography, this notice proposes a classical chronological division of the Soviet period from the viewpoint of the history of Islam: a first period from the Bolshevik takeover to 1927, marked by the “Sovietisation” (the term is not explained) of Islamic confessional institutions in Central Asia; from 1927 to 1941, characterised by a succession of waves of repressions; from 1941 to 1958, a period during which the Soviet state, unprepared for war with Nazi Germany, had to come to working arrangements with religious authorities; 1958 to 1964, remembered for the launching of new repressions by the Khrushchev administration; 1964 to 1985, a period of tolerance continued, according to the author, under Perestroika—curiously seen here as a period of liberalisation of the Soviet religious policy in Central Asia.  A superficial overview of the political-science existing bibliography in German and English languages does not allow the author to produce any qualification of arch-classic and vividly discussed categories like those of “official” and parallel” Islam.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: I-5.3.D-474