Through the Volga-Tatar reformist and modernist publicist literature of the decade between 1905 and 1917 the author evokes the weight of the reference to Islam in the public debates of those decisive years.  This essay, centred on the figureheads of the radical trends, from ‘Abd al-Rashid Qazi Ibrahimoff to Mulla Nur Wahidoff, sheds light on the common Salafi components of their rhetoric (notably the calls for a return to a purified religion [saf din]).  From such a particular viewpoint, the protagonists of the debates of that period of time appear as possible great ancestors to present-day supporters of Islamism in the Volga region of Russia.  Resituating the terms of these debates in their context, notably in connection with other trends within the Muslim communities of European Russia, would have permitted the author to qualify an excessively univocal presentation of the weight of such ideas in the society of the time.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: I-3.2.C-212