A short historical survey of the Soviet period insists, first, on the impact of the privation of their civil rights in the escape of numerous Isma‘ili pirs of Badakhshan towards Afghanistan from the late 1920s to the closure of the international boundary in 1936.  The author then evokes the effects of the atheist campaigns orchestrated by Moscow in the late 1930s and early 1960s, then of the ethnic cleansing during the Tajikistani civil war of 1992-7.  The article continues with short descriptions of the evolution of the respective duties of pirs and khalifas during the short twentieth century, before embarking on a detailed apology of the work accomplished in Tajikistani Badakhshan by the ‘Ismaili Tariqah and Religious Education Committee’.  As usually in Pamiri Isma‘ili studies, only the regions situated on one side of the Tajikistani-Afghan boundary are taken into considerations, whence data of any kind casting light on the past and present inner divisions of the Isma‘ili community are carefully avoided.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: I-5.2.A-417