The unsaid final version of a paper given to a colloquium organised on the theme of hajj and ziyarat in Central Asia by the French Institute of Central Asian Studies, with support of the UNESCO, in Tashkent in October 2007, this short article deals with the moral trials that were awaiting the pilgrims to the hajj from the Russian Empire at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Built on a variety of Russian-language primary sources, the text evokes varied aspects of this undertaking in the late Tsarist period, from the evolution of land and sea itineraries to the role of local intermediaries in the Hejaz and to the appraisals of the secret agents of the Russian police. (The report by Captain Davletshin [1898] on the lack of a common bond between pilgrims from different regions of the Russian Empire, and on the absence of a pan-Islamic danger, could have been compared with slightly posterior and much more alarmist assessments.)

The Redaction
CER: II-4.3.B-377