This article, classical and innovative at the same time, assesses the issue of jihad in the oases of Eastern Turkistan after the establishment of Manchu domination.  The author astutely confronts the ‘jihadist’ stance of a specific faction with the quietist position held by the majority of the population under the leadership of vernacular administrators originating from influent lineages.  The latter’s function consisted of maintaining the community’s cohesion through the implementation of the shari‘a, whence for the Qing it was more economic to have their Muslim intermediaries maintaining order by peaceful means.  The ideological tool for justifying submission to the infidels was for Mulla Musa, an autochthonous historian, “the indulgence of the non-believer sovereign and, as a counterpart to it, the obedience of the debtor to his benefactor “This ethic norm, according to the historian’s terminology, is the “salt duty (tuz haqqi)” always recognised in the whole Turkic Islamic world.

The Redaction
CER: I-3.5.A-332