Nourished by documents from the Central State Archive of the Republic of Uzbekistan, this study assesses the evolution of the demographic significance of German presence, of Russian or other nationalities, in the Territory of Turkistan from the latter’s very creation in 1867 to the eve of the revolutions of 1917. The author reconstructs the professional profile of this population, arch-dominated in cities by functionaries of various ranks, with interest in varied groups of spontaneous migrants settling in rural areas (esp. Mennonites from the regions of Tauride and Samara escaping conscription or . . . Armageddon, established in Awliya Ata and Aq Masjid from 1880 onward: this narrative remains largely based on V. Kriger’s monograph: Rein – Volga – Irtysh: iz istorii nemtsev Tsentral’noi Azii, Almaty: Daik-Press, 2006; a second category of migrants is made by the populations fleeing from shortage in the Volga region in 1891-92, exceptionally welcome by the General-Governor in the Tashkent region and Transcaspia in view of their agricultural skills and possible services to the Russian administration). The last paragraphs are devoted to early-twentieth-century migrations inside Russian Central Asia, and to the deportations of the WWI period.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: II-3.4.C-275