This is the latest in a series of high-quality publications by the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region archive. It includes 670 documents, dating from late 1936 to 1945, i.e. the tenure of Sheng Shicai as provincial governor, which detail fund-raising activities in support of the anti-Japanese resistance movement in China proper at that time. These activities were organised on the initiative of Xinjiang’s Anti-Imperialist Union (fandihui), a body created by Sheng’s government in 1935. After a “general” section, the remaining documents are arranged according to campaigns: the “collecting winter clothes movement,” the “cultural relief movement” of 1942-43 (fund-raising for books and cinema equipment), the “shoes and socks relief movement” of 1943, and finally the “donating matériel movement.” The documents are transcribed in simplified characters, without further annotation. Besides financial and organisational details, the documents offer an insight into the introduction of a style of political mobilisation new to Xinjiang at this time. This volume will be of use to anyone interested in the structure and scope of the anti-Japanese movement in Xinjiang. As a complement to the relatively numerous memoirs of these campaigns, the volume opens up new possibilities for research into this poorly understood episode in the region’s modern history.

David J. Brophy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
CER: II-3.5.B-321