In this study, the author describes the socio-political situation of the two Inner Asian khanates located respectively at the South and at the North of the Tian Shan mountains, from 1640 to 1680.  Unfortunately, the reader will find here neither new material nor new thesis:  Indeed, the common historiography on that point consists of explaining the end of the supposedly prosperity of the Yarkand Khanate by the treachery of the Afaqi Khwajas allied to Junghar invaders.  In fact, the social history of the two khanates is absolutely not analysed.  Nevertheless, there are some interesting details (p. 38) about the advent of Ghaldan (1644-1697).

Alexandre Papas, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: I-3.5.B-337