Historian D. Savelli shows how Kiakhta, in the 1840-1860s the greatest Russian-Asian trading centre in general, and its commerce contributed to the development of Russia’s textile industry and, consequently, played an important role leading up to the industrial revolution in Russia. Other contributions of the same special file devoted to Kiakhta are: Edinarxova Nina, “Le commerce à Kiakhta des années 1840 à 1860 [Trade in Kiakhta from the 1840s to the 1890s],” 339-60; Petrov Alexandre, “Les Chinois à Kiakhta (1728-1917) [The Chinese in Kiakhta (1728-1917)],” 361-92 (this paper suggests that between 1727 and 1917 the life of Chinese in Maimacheng, as well as their contacts with Russians in Kiakhta, were regulated by the Chinese government through laws unknown to Russian merchants. This did not prevent the Chinese to feel at home in Kiakhta, and mutual assistance between Chinese and Russians. The author stresses the period after the signing of the Russian-Chinese treaties in 1858-1860, when Kiakhta lost its exceptional importance and Kiakhtian merchants were forced to compete with Chinese “at home.” The article concludes that Kiakhta played an influential role not only in Russian-Chinese trade, but also in cultural interactions between the Russian and Chinese peoples); Smol’nikova E. V. & Xarabadze N. A., “Histoire du Musée régional de Kiakhta, le musée V. A. Obručev [A History of the V. A. Obruchev Regional Museum of Kiakhta],” 393-408 (this paper sheds light on the role played in the museum’s creation in 1890 by the city’s population and by scholars cum explorers passing through Kiakhta like ethnographers G. N. Potanin and D. A. Klements. The history of the city and of Transbaikalia is reflected by the constitution of the collections and by the transformations of the museum during the Soviet period); Titaev Kirill, “Kiakhta et la mondialisation [Kiakhta and Globalisation],” 409-18 (the author analyses the Internet representation of the Russian/Mongolian borderland of Kiakhta, in which the city appears closed onto itself. The second half of the text explains the use of Internet in Kiahta, in a context characterised by a shortage of computers). For reasons that escape common understanding, this remarkable collection of articles is inaccessible on the Internet.

The Redaction
CER: II-2.2-75