The relations between China and Central Asia are studied through some characteristics of the history of exchanges: an overall transnationalisation through Mongol unification and its aftermath; the islamicisation and its impact on economic transformation in both Central Asia and China; the ethnicisation of local identities under pressures of the policies implemented by Tsarist Russia, the Soviet Union, and Communist China.  The author notably stresses the influence of the Uighur separatist movement on the policy elaborated by the People’s Republic towards both Xinjiang and the international Muslim opinion.

The Redaction
CER: I-8.4.G-751