In the wake of Michel Lesure’s studies on the Russian collections in the Archives of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (cf. his “Aperçu sur les fonds russes dans les archives du ministère des Affaires étrangères français,” Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique 4/3 (1962): 312-30; ibid., “La France et le Caucase à l’époque de Chamil, à la lumière des dépêches des consuls français,” ibid. 19/1-2 (1978): 5-65), the author of the present paper introduces an inventory of the documents housed at the Historical Services of the French Army in Vincennes (east of Paris), related to the history of the Caucasus in the nineteenth century. Not including the collections preserved in the Library of the HSFA, these documents are distributed into three different sections (War Depot, Third Republic, Engineers). A huge majority of them (100 over 230) come from the decade 1850-9, and focus indeed on the Crimean War. There is also a good representation (19 items) of the decade 1780-9 and (139 items) of the years from 1870 to 1899—a period marked by the Russo-Turkish War and by its impacts on the ‘Eastern Question’. The documents were either generated by soldiers on mission (mostly during the Caucasian operations of the Crimean War, including a report by the General Staff Headquarters of the Eastern Army on Shamil and the Caucasus), when they do not consist of copies of dispatches by diplomats posted in the area, of press releases, and of varied monographic publications. The paper ends with practical information on research work in the HSFA, and a precise inventory of the documents.