After a short reminder of the fixation of Persian and Turkic literary genres in the medieval period, the article focuses on the impact of Russia’s conquest and colonisation of Central Asia on the formation of modern national languages.  The late Tsarist and Soviet periods are evoked through the role of modernist intellectuals (e.g., Fitrat in Samarqand) and of the central state in the reforms of alphabets, and through the place of classical references in the reconstruction of modern literatures after wwii (e.g., Makhtum-Quli in Turkmenistan).  Perestroika is characterised by the literary treatment of civic themes, from ecological problems to the history of colonisation.  As to the current period, it is depicted as deeply marked by authoritarian regimes and by their influence in the new reforms of the alphabets, and in the official cult of great figures of the legendary past (e.g., Manas in Kyrgyzstan), balanced only by the growing influence of Islam.

The Redaction
CER: I-6.1-514