Built up on a selection of modern studies of the Tsarist (Grebenkin, Vil’kins, Kushelevskii) and Soviet (Barannikov, Troitskaia & Snesarev, Karmysheva, Kiseleva, Vladykin) periods, and on a panoramic reading of a limited amount of famous pre-modern chronicles (Babur-nama, Shajara-yi tarakima, ‘Ubayd-Allah-nama), this synthetic paper sketches an overall history of Gypsy and “Gypsy-related” (luli and “lulisifat”) migrations from North-Western India towards Central Asia since the tenth century CE.  As this is most often the case in Central Asian Gypsy studies, the bulk of the article is devoted to a philological analysis of ethnic and social denomination locally applied to varied pariah groups of alleged Gypsy origin (baluch, multani, jugi, mazang, mughat, ghurbat), seen through the contribution of Soviet philology (Minorsky, Oranskii) and ethnography (Kh. Kh. Nazarov in the 1970s)—the numerous historical and anthropological studies published in other languages than Russian, notably in/on India, Pakistan and Afghanistan (on the Jats in particular), being alas ignored by the author.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: I-3.4.A-259