High-quality articles are not common feature in a journal created by the World Bashkir Congress. The present tentative comparison of the mechanisms of the Red Terror in several republics of the Volga-Urals shows innovative. Among well known elements (the chronology and the role played by Moscow’s press), an interesting statement is made as to the signs sent before the launching of the repression campaign. (In July 1937, the NKVD sent a note indicating the number of peoples to be repressed in each republic: 2,000 in Tatarstan and in Bashkiria; 1,800 in Mari El, Mordovia and Chuvashia, 700 in Udmurtia.) The author shows how each republic responded specifically to the campaign ― the Tatar Obkom approving the plan and replacing its First Secretary by a young bureaucrat, A. M. Alemasov, who immediately asked Ezhov to widen repression against the local nomenklatura; in Ioshkar Ola, the director of the Mari El Scientific Institute V. A. Mukhin was executed together with the First Secretary of the Obkom; in Mordovia, thousands of Party members were excluded; the campaign showed particularly severe in Udmurtia where national cadres qualified from the University of Workers for the Orient and specialists of Finno-Ugric Studies were massively repressed.