After the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5, Muslim intellectuals began to sow substantial interest in the emergence of modern Japan.  Among them ‘Abd al-Rashid Ibrahim (1857-1944) was among the most outstanding.  He not only introduced Japan and Japanese people in detail to a broad Turkic Muslim audience through his extensive travels, by means of his journal, The World of Islam: The Spread of Islam in Japan, but also made efforts in his later life to establish a close relationship between the world of Islam and Japan on the basis of his Pan-Islamic ideology and strategy.  The author, an exceptional connoisseur of the history of Islam both in the Volga-Ural region of Russia and in Japan, provides a preliminary survey of his vision of modern Japan and presents basic information for further research on a comprehensive subject, Islam and Japan, the significance of which is clearly growing in the contemporary world.

217. Landau J. M., “Yusuf Aqchura,” in P. J. Bearman et al., eds., The Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., 11, Leiden: Brill, 2002: 356-7, bibliography

This very short notice on the Volga Tatar nationalist intellectual Yusuf Aqchura (1876-1935) quickly sketches his biography, and rapidly analyses his key work, Uch tarz-i siyasat (1904) on the main lines of government policies in recent Turkic history.  The author properly shows how, with due respect to social and economic factors—to say nothing of the political realities of Kemalist Turkey—, Aqchura shifted during his long Turkish exile from his initial Pan-Turkism to a cultural form of Turkism.  The bibliography gives a large room to primary sources and to some prominent recent studies.

The Redaction
CER: I-3.2.C-216