This composite article is devoted to Islam and the political power in the USSR at very different moments of the latter’s history, through a variety of sources emanating from the central state apparatus: the Address of the Sovnarkom of Russia “To All Working Muslims of Russia and of the Orient” of December 3, 1917, attributed to Stalin and re-published here on the basis of the official 1957 edition (freedom of practice is formally granted to the Muslim populations of the former empire ― though other documents of the same period, published by the same author, show that the Bolsheviks never intended to implement this liberty); Islam in the USSR in the late 1940s through documents from the Council for the Affairs of Religious Cults (viz., a report dated April 23, 1949 on the Council’s activity during the previous year, showing the extreme suspicion of Soviet power for Sufism in general, and its will to control and utilise existing religions institutions, notably for propaganda abroad on religious liberty in the USSR); last, Islam in the USSR in the early 1980s through documents from the Council for the Affairs of Religions (namely, a secret report on the situation of religious practice in the USSR for the year 1982, which sheds a crude light on the complete failure of the atheistic propaganda and ferocious repression implemented since the early 1920s).

The Redaction
CER: II-4.3.A-349