This short synthetic article analyses the respective role of natural growth, migration, and enlargement of administrative territory in the demographic dynamics of the capital city of Uzbekistan. The author notably casts light on the weak birth rate, if compared with other Uzbekistani cities. One of the factors of this phenomenon is identified as the lower number of complex families, uniting under one roof several generations. A consequence of this birth rate is the ageing of the population from below. At the same time, the author notes that one of the consequences of the specific age structure of its population is the weakest in the country pressure on the active population. Her description of matrimonial practices is contrasted: if the divorce rate is higher than in the rest of the country, so is also the rate of remarriage of divorced women (11.6% in Tashkent against 2.1% only in the region of Andijan). L. Maksakova also underlines the almost equal balance of sex ratio in in the population (with an excess of 40,000 women ― i.e., 0.3% of the overall population). This almost ideal picture of the city’s demography is contrasted by considerations on permanent emigration from its territory: This phenomenon affects for the most part a population with higher education, whose departure from the capital city creates a recurring problem of lack of qualified cadres. The evocation of the rapid growth of the occupation rate of the active population remains however idyllic and poorly reflects the extent of one of the main economic and political issues of present-day Uzbekistan.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: II-2.4-90