Through a study of two treatises by Shaykh Ahmad Kasani Dahbidi, the “Treatise on the Rules of the Followers (Risala-yi adab al-salikin)” and the “Treatise on the Rules of the Truthful (Risala-yi adab al-siddiqin),” the author proposes an analysis of the vision by Kasani of his own Khwajagan Naqshbandiyya path. This vision, specific to the Sufi revival of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Transoxiana, less individual than former — and later — Naqshbandi trends, is characterised in this study as based on a deep suspicion towards any whim of individual initiation. Kasani insists not only on the necessity for a disciple to have a master, but also on the very significance of companionship (suhbat) as opposed to solitude (khalwat) as a fundamental aspect of Sufi initiation. According to this opinion and to the contrary of numbers of later critics, there can be no tasawwuf without a tariqa. In the early modern period, the author recalls that the Naqshbandiyya was rapidly increasing in size, in power and in influence, which brought its main leaders and theoreticians to abolish distinction “between mystical accomplishment, leadership legitimacy, and the institutionalisation of spirituality.”

The Redaction
CER: II-4.3.D-412