The present collection of papers offers a testimony on current research in history and anthropology of the culture of the Tajiks after ten years of interruption of the publication activity, due to the civil war. The volume is divided into two parts : the first section, a very diverse one, contains a series of studies on the history of religions, and on the history of art and costume in the ancient, medieval, and pre-modern periods (see in particular, on this period : M. M. Ashrafi, “Miniatiura Srednei Azii xviii-xix vv. [Miniature in Middle Asia in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries],” 175-188, ill. (This paper’s author deals with the symptoms of the decay of this court art in Bukhara and the Fergana Valley, throughout the studied period.) The second part of the book is devoted to “the problems of the history and theory of contemporary culture of Tajikistan” and offers papers on modern ballet, contemporary theatre, graphic arts, traditional music as it has been reinterpreted by twentieth-century composers, and cinema (with an interesting paper by S. Rakhimov: “Tadzhikskoe kino (1986-1988 gg.) [Tajik Cinema (1986-1988)],” 265-76: review in infra 389). To be remarked also are contributions on the current philosophical and religious quests (Firuz Ul’masov, “Dukhovnye iskaniia [Spiritual Quests],” 276-88), or on the gender distribution of roles in contemporary Tajik culture (Gul’bahor Makhkamova, “Gendernyi aspekt v istorii razvitiia kul’tury Tadzhikistana vo vtoroi polovine xx veka [The Genre Aspect in the History of the Development of Tajik Culture during the Second Half of the Twentieth Century],” 288-295).