One of the aspects of the current boom of studies in human and social sciences on Talish and the Talishis (cf. Central Eurasian Reader 1 (2008): review No. 124) has been the development of interest in the evolution of collective identity among the Talishis of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The present study focuses on the Talishi national movement in the wake of the suppression of the ephemeral Talish-Mughan Republic in summer 1993, with particular interest in the recent expression of Talishi identity through a nascent Talishi Internet (through issues like the formation of a literary language and alphabet, the elaboration of a national history, and the promotion of prominent figures of the past and of the present). Unfortunately, the author has limited his purpose to the paraphrase of ideological discourse of the former Talish-Mughan Republic, with few interest in Talishi populations of other regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan, for instance in the Nardaran area of the Apsheron Peninsula, northeast of Baku. Nothing is said either of the geographical, economic and social factors that have been at work in the political differentiation and marginalisation of the Talishis of the Republic of Azerbaijan since the end of the Soviet period. Last, no attention has been devoted to the political instrumentation of Shiite Islam among the Talishis of the Republic of Azerbaijan since the latter’s univocal promotion of Turkism and of the ideology of “one nation in two states” since the 1990s.