The author, who faced strictures from the authorities in her own time, has dedicated a lot of efforts in the last period of her long-lasting scholarly activity to help Fiel’strup's work in the field of Kazakh and Kyrgyz ethnography, a pioneering one by many aspects, to be duly acknowledged (see my review of the edition of his field notes in this volume). The present paper develops the elements of biography outlined in a previous article of hers, which has been published in the first years of Perestroika (in Ocherki istorii russkoi etnografii, fol’kloristiki i antropologii, vol. 10, 1988: 38-62). Relying chiefly on the ethnographer’s personal archives, the author offers a pretty much detailed biography, particularly regarding his collaboration with Rudenko (one regrets merely that Karmysheva does not mention the Rudenko case and the accusations of ‘Rudenkism’ of the following years). The importance given to memory is a striking feature of a new trend in post Soviet historiography. Nostalgia apart, it reflects a very valuable effort in recovering and reappraising the history of the discipline, which, as far as ethnology is concerned, has been carried out with vigour and diligence during the last decade, particularly by Reshetov. This trend has led to the broad memorial project in social history of science funded by the Soros Foundation (http://www.ihst.ru/projects/sohist/), which makes available online archival materials and published documents related to the repression of scientists during the Soviet period.