The present book gives a general survey of Uzbek literature in Western and Eastern Turkistan. Its originality however lies in the fact that half of the book is dedicated to Uzbek literature in twentieth-century Xinjiang. In the first part of the book which concerns classic Uzbek literature in Central Asia in general, some chapters provide an analysis of the role played by Sufism (with sections on Ahmad Yasawi, ‘Ali Shir Nawa’i, Mashrab, Huwayda, and Sufi Allah-Yar). The second part of the book starts with an introductory chapter about early twentieth-century Uzbek literature in China. It points out its major characteristics and mentions some of its first great representatives like Muhämmäd Emin Sopizadä (1890-1942) and Tughrul Rähimi (1887-1937). The other chapters are devoted to several major writers and poets unknown and hitherto ignored by the Western researchers. Many pages concerns Näsrullah Qari Pärhäti (b. Tashkent 1906 – d. Gulja 1937) (pp. 361-98), and Shükür Yalqin (b. Tashkent 1918 – d. 2002) (pp. 399-482). The other names are: Bilal Äzizi (b. Andijon 1920 – 1945) (pp. 483-500); Äzizidin Visali (b. Osh 1919 – d. Yarkand 1985) (pp. 501-6); Ishaqkhan Yalghuz (b. Andijon 1926 – d. Yarkand 1996) (pp. 507-14); Nurmuhämmäd Erki (b. Kashgar 1927 – d. Kashgar 1983) (pp. 515-32); Sapakhan Polat (b. Turfan 1929 – d. Urumchi 1982) (pp. 533-46); Tä’lät Nasiri (b. Gulja 1940) (pp. 547-88); Nematullah Hubäydullah (b. Yarkand 1948) (pp. 589-602); Abdulhäy Abdulhäq (b. Gulja 1953) (pp. 603-10).