This panoramic historical study casts light on the policy implemented by the Russian authorities towards the religious personnel of Islam in Dagestan after the fall of the Imamate. Remarking that the personnel of Islam had been organised into a fixed hierarchy under Shamil, the author insists on the lack of a global and durable set of rule till the end of the imperial period. The impact of the successive reforms the judiciary between 1860 and 1913 is analysed from the viewpoints of their unification of heterogeneous customary practice, of the reduction of the religious personnel at the level of rural communities (jama‘ats), and of the replacement of the Arabic by the Cyrillic alphabet for the notation of Arabic language. The author also insists on the hostility of substantial part of the local ‘ulama to these successive innovations, and on their large participation in the resistance movements that gave rhythm to this period of history.

The Redaction
CER: II-4.3.C-393