Reviews

This book is a very important contribution to a historical knowledge of the ‘Red Terror’ in the Uzbek SSR.  It has been published by the governmental association Shahidlar khotirasi [“The Martyrs’ Memory”], seemingly on an initiative by President Karimov.  Whatever the political purposes of the publication, the book provides key information on the repression launched over a part of the Uzbek SSR’s kulaks and their deportation to Ukraine for the development of cotton culture.  Documents have been chosen from different archival funds: in Russia (Central Archive of the FSB, RGASPI, GARF, SNB), in Uzbekistan (Central State Archive, SNB, MVD, regional archives of Andijan) and in regional Ukrainian Party or MVD archives (in the Kherson and Nikolaev regions).  Some have already been published in the late 1990s and early 2000s in Moscow, especially those emanating from the Politburo.  The book is divided into five parts.  The first enumerates the heads of the NKVD of the USSR (1934-1941) as well as those of the Uzbek SSR (N.A. Zagvozdin, D. Z. Apresian, A. N. Sadzhia) with biographical notices.  The chiefs of regional branches of the NKVD are listed without biographical indication.  The second part is set up out of a few documents representing the legal basis of the repression in the URSS against former kulaks and ‘anti-soviet elements’ (signed by Stalin, Ezhov), orders of deportation, or correspondence between the Politburo and A. Ikramov, the First Secretary of the CP UzSSR.  There are also many tables with figures about the persons convicted: national repartition, type of condemnations (1st, 2d, 3rd categories) out of 1937-1938’s documents.  The third part deals with the preparation of the repression and compiles documents (from Ukrainian and Uzbekistani archives) that contain elements on anti-Soviet movements like the Millii Ittihod [“National Union”].  These documents are mainly rapports or questionings from NKVD members ‘attesting’ these anti-Soviet activities.  Then, one can find conclusions from regional NKVD branches or the section of the Uzbek SSR, sentences and appealing letters.  The fourth part gives a commentary on the documents and is very useful with its explanations on the sources, as that kind of published documents is difficult to use without a knowledge of the context of the their establishment.  This part ends with short biographies (incuding arrest dates and sentences).  The fifth part gathers maps of the Gulag camps with short presentation of each (place, creation, dislocation, type of activity, number of prisoners, direction).

Cloé Drieu, French Institute of Central Asian Studies, Tashkent-Paris
CER: I-3.4.D-325