This article examines Russia’s main aspirations in Central Asia and the Caspian Sea region during V. Putin’s presidency: the concentration of resources in key directions; the development of pro-Russian integration projects; the definition of the modalities of Russia’s cooperation with key extra-regional powers in Central Asia; the search of security on the region as a way of stabilising the situation in Russia itself ― especially in the context of the spread of Islamic protest trends and of drug traffic ―; the preservation of Russia’s control over the routes of transportation of oil and gas from the Caspian Sea region. If the two main achievements of the Putin-era policy in Central Asia are the political stabilisation of the region up to 2003 and the serious increase of Russia’s influence as for 2004, the author suggests that both results were acquired because of the implementation of specific American policies. However, A. Kazantsev reminds that the deep roots of regional instability have not been liquidated and that Russia will be fully responsible for stabilising the region, at a time when China is showing more and more appetite for Central Asian energy resources.

The Redaction
CER: II-7.1-567