In this dated but substantial essay of the historical sociology of the Tajikistani civil war and its aftermaths, the author reminds that the 1997 Peace Agreement did not immediately eliminate a “plethora of military cliques.” One of the reasons for this permanence and for the durable leadership of figureheads like former UTO and PFT commanders Mirzo Zioev (killed in 2009) and Suhrob Qosimov is that the incumbent regime’s personnel and operational procedures are essentially patrimonial, and remain dominated by the interests of a particular élite with a strong regional foothold and its ever-changing allies.

The Redaction
CER: II-7.4.E-668