The author of this article has recently embarked on the analysis of manwen Lufu (memorials in Manchu language) documents held at the First Historical Archives of China in Beijing, which are closely related with the history of Xinjiang and part of western Central Asia under the Qing Dynasty. Among other qualities, this category of documents frequently contains the text of letters sent by Central Asian community leaders to local Chinese officers, or even to the central Chinese administration. In the present article, the author assesses the contribution of these documents to the history of the capitulation by Ablay Sultan in 1757, and more generally to the history of Qing-Kazakh political negotiations. Through the petition submitted in Oirat (Todo) language by the influential ruler of the Middle Horde, the author sheds light on the essentially “master-slave (ejen-albatu)” relationships promoted by the Qing administration as far as Central Asian polities were concerned.
Available online at: http://www.aa.tufs.ac.jp/book/journal/journal72.pdf.