Noticing the high level of interpenetration of languages in Central Asia, the author proposes classifications of Turkic, Mongol, and Indo-European idioms practiced in contemporary Central Asia, with special developments on Pamirian languages and Yaghnobi.  The statistics provided (p. 254) on the numbers of speakers tend to separate dialects of one and the same language (such as Tajik and Dari), in line with the Soviet tradition, and do not take into account the widespread phenomenon of bilingualism.  Alphabet changes from the tenth to the twenty-first century are evoked at length, with a particular interest in the growing influence of Russian language from the 1930s onwards, in the promotion of tutelary languages of federated republics to the status of state language during Perestroika, and in the new alphabet changes of the 1990s.

The Redaction
CER: I-6.1-516