The little-known twentieth-century Pamiri Tajik literature, thanks to this article (among other few studies), proves to be lively and progressively diversified. After all, it concerns—according to the figures given by the author—a population of about 40,000 people in Southern Xinjiang, in addition to 27,000 in the Tashqurghan district. The author distinguished three stages: (1) the 1950-60s during which the satirical poetry appears, targeting religious beliefs and customs (authors: Tablidi Hoshur, Muhämmäd Rozi); (2) the 1960-70s, a period in which poets composed politico-metaphorical poems (authors: Ishaq Äzarä, Atikäm Zämiri, Mansur Khan, Pulad Muhämmäd); (3) the 1980-2000s, marked by the emergence of a new generation of writers, and by the appearance of more complex and varied genres (authors: Rozi Gulbay, Mädälikhan Balun, Mirza Mämät Jümäbay, Zämir Säydulla Zadä, Ismail Ezizi). Naturally, these three stages correspond to the three periods—the Communist takeover, the Cultural Revolution, present-day reformism—delimited by Chinese official historiography. It makes sense insofar as this article deals with official literature.