By integrating historical sources, statistical data, imaging data, and results of field surveys onto digitalised maps using geographic information system (GIS), the Fergana Project (launched in 1999 in the framework in the broader ‘Islamic area Studies Project 1’) intends to gain a reliable database for the analysis of contemporary issues in the Fergana Valley.  The present article introduces the research results for the years 2002-4 and their contribution to Central Asian studies: on the populations movements and ethnic composition from the late nineteenth century to the early Soviet period, with special attention to minority groups (Qashgharliks, Qipchaqs, ‘Turks’, Karakalpaks) that have been officially merged with the Uzbeks since the mid-1920s, and for refugee movements during and after the Basmachi resistance.  The authors also evoke the perspectives of their programme as for the elucidation of relationships between natural environment and the distribution of ethnic groups; the history of the development of irrigation networks during the early Soviet period; the mapping of confessional institutions (mosques, shrines, madrasas, etc.); and the study of the urbanisation process in the Fergana Valley.

The Redaction
CER: I-2.4-141