Questioning the usual depictions of the conflict in Chechnya as a battlefield of the global jihad, the authors suggest an alternative narrative focusing on the significance of blood feud in the societies of the North Caucasus. E. Souleimanov and O. Ditrych first notice that the political motive of jihad was productive for both the Russian government (including a striving for recognition of its repressive policies in the North Caucasus) and the resistance movement (for which self-representation as members of the global jihadist international was an instrument in their internecine struggles, and a means to obtain material capital from the Middle East). What they observe more generally is an intertwining of jihadist ideology and mechanism of blood feud. Remarking that the young people of the war generation showed long more susceptible to absorbing the ideology of jihad, whether global or regional, they however suggest that Islamist funds and troops have tended to fell short in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks and conclude that if resistance will continue to spread, it will be in regional rather than in international terms.

The Redaction
CER: II-7.3.B-600