Since the 1920s, gender politics in Afghanistan have swung like a pendulum, oscillating between the moderate and the extreme. The state’s imposition of direct intrusion into the tribal and communal living conditions has exerted a pendulum effect on Afghan women’s role throughout the country’s modern history. Afghan governments have all failed to initiate reality-based policies and, according to the author, this flaw can be rectified only through the direct participation and involvement of Afghan women ― now the majority of the population ― in decision-making processes.

The Redaction
CER: II-7.4.B-642