This article examines how the politicisation of environmental issues in Armenia has led to the emergence of the Upper Qarabagh nationalist movement in the late 1980s. Although the mutual relationship between the ecological and national identity components of Armenian nationalist discourse is not always assessed with precision by the author, this study is a significant contribution to the history of nationalist movements during the Perestroika period that the very notion of “ecological genocide” coined by Upper Qarabagh Armenian militants and fighters, and the development of their movement of the Opera Square of Yerevan did exert a tremendous impact in the whole southern periphery of the USSR ― in Central Asia in particular, where from 1988 onwards the Tajikistani nationalist organisations often transferred slogans and methods implemented in the Southern Caucasus.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: II-3.3.D-225