Focusing on the role on groups with cross-cutting ethnic and religious attachments in the conflicts of the post-communist world, the author first evokes the by far non-systematic character of ethnic and religious mobilisation in Central Eurasia (e.g., Moscow’s support to “Muslim” Abkhazia’s secession from “Orthodox” Georgia in 2004), going as far as to suggest that Orthodox-Muslim relations in this wide area may serve as an example to many other parts of the world. His study tries to determine whether or not religion contributed in any significant way to the eruption and evolution of these conflicts. Suggesting first that religious differences between ethnic groups in conflict is correlated with the intensity and duration of such conflicts, C. Marsh illustrates several ways in which religion played a significant role in them. Reminding that in most well-known cases Muslim groups have been seeking independence from a majority Christian state, he also points out that in the post-Soviet space numerous religious communities have been living peacefully side by side.

The Redaction
CER: II-7.1-573