This article examines how the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation has become the primary security organisation in Central Asia under two major factors: the focus of the SCO on tackling the so-called ‘three evils’ (terrorism, extremism, separatism), and the very fact that the organisational framework adopted is appropriate for the region. Qualifying the SCO as a regional organisation concerned with non-traditional security, fundamentally different from what the Warsaw Pact was, S. Aris insists on the significance to the Central Asian leaderships of the organisation’s norm of non-interference in domestic affairs. If projects of cooperation in the SCO’s framework do not work more than name at present, it does not present the organisation to be recognised by all actors as the major regional organ of cooperation in Central Asia. (Another difference with the Warsaw Pact, less underlined in the present study, consists of the elements of multipolarity that have continued to be developed in parallel, during the past decade, by Central Asian diplomacies and cooperation policies.)

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: II-7.4.A-619