The author re-examines the current historical debate on the 1932-3 Soviet famine from the viewpoints of Stalin’s intentionality and of the famine’s ethnic dimension as a Ukrainian genocide, arguing that no definitive evidence allows for the adoption of a definitive position on either of these two points. To the author’s eyes, it is ‘unlikely’ that Stalin caused the famine in order to kill millions of people, or as a cheap alternative to deportation, despite all his distrust of the Ukrainian peasants and of the Ukrainian nationalist movement. Instead, the article insists on decisiveness of the international context of the famine as an aggravating factor. Unfortunately, the phenomenon has not been relocated within the set of specific measures taken in 1933-6 by the Soviet regime against a range of non-reliable national groups, especially those situated in the south-western periphery of the USSR.

The Redaction
CER: II-3.1.D-147