Published a decade after the break-up of the Soviet Union in 1991, this important article presents an overall review of the state of agrarian reform in the newly independent states.  It shows notably that the development of a new, economically viable agricultural sector, based on private farm enterprises, was still “a far cry in most part of the former Soviet Union” at the very turn of the twenty-first century.  Agrarian reform (including land privatisation, restructuring of the collective and state farms, market liberalisation and particularly institution building), had not been at all comprehensive. After contrasting the state of agrarian reform in most of the former Soviet Union, the authors analyse the linkage between the performances of the agricultural sector and the agrarian reforms.  Their conclusion stresses the “increased importance of the household plot production and the continued predominance, in terms of acreage, of large agricultural enterprises in many countries and regions of the former Soviet Union.”  It also sheds light on the fact that empirical data do not confirm the once predominant idea that “rapid and profound reform would lead to less contradiction and speedy recovery.”

The Redaction
CER: I-8.1-696