Despite the high amount of publicity that enjoyed once the Kyrgyz of the Wakhan corridor, both in scholarly literature and among the general public, the present situation of the Kyrgyz who have chosen not to move to eastern Turkey from their refugee camp in Pakistan, and went back to Afghanistan is almost unknown and unstudied. This makes a contrast with the great interest shown by researchers, particularly in the field of geography, towards the Kyrgyz living on the Pamir plateaus on the Tajikistan side of the border. The author—undoubtedly the leading specialist of Wakhi and Kyrgyz high mountain pastoralist communities split over Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, and China—provides in the present article very valuable and rare data on the conditions which the Kyrgyz of the Little Pamir (Pamir-i khurd) are facing. The article focuses on trade and exchange networks as a key component of the subsistence strategies in a closed border context. The question of high opium consumption (which is not new, and has survived among the older generation of those who migrated to Turkey) is also addressed.