Although child abuse and neglect usually remain hidden and underreported, the author has managed to gather a rich statistic material on the expansion of these phenomena in Tajikistan since the civil war—a country where research reveals that 20–60 per cent of children experience physical violence or abuse within the family, and that 12–32 per cent of adolescents have experienced and/or witnessed physical violence from neighbours and strangers in the streets.  Survey results also point out that girls and women in Tajikistan experience a high prevalence of physical, sexual, and/or psychological violence within the family and community—to a higher extent in rural areas.  More specifically, there is a significant positive association between certain forms of violence and a woman’s status as a displaced person:  Women who have been displaced by the civil war were twice (61 per cent) more likely to experience psychological violence during their girlhood by family members, compared to non-displaced women (36 per cent), and they were three times more likely to experience physical violence at the hands of strangers during adulthood (43 per cent), compared to non-displaced women (14 per cent).  Since the dissolution of the USSR, there has been an increase in trafficking of human beings, particularly girls, from Tajikistan to faraway countries, by force or trickery (in 2000, more than 300 girls and women were trafficked out of Tajikistan to work in the sex industry in the United Arab Emirates).  Finally, Tajikistan has become a key route for the illicit trafficking of narcotics, and an increasing number of children and teenagers have been hired to transport illegal weapons and drugs.

The Redaction
CER: I-7.4.E-645