The author classically enumerates some quantitative features of the religious mutation of Kazakhstan after independence in 1991 (‘rebirth’ and ‘renaissance’ are terms uncritically borrowed from the discourse of governments and Muslim Spiritual Boards), on the basis of available statistics: opening of mosques and madrasas, attendance of the hajj, etc. The informal activity of foreign Muslim missionaries is mentioned in passing, as well as the closure of ‘non-registered’ madrasas by the Kazakh government since the late 1990s ― a common feature of Central Asian republics’ religious policy since the turn of the century, apparently approved by the signatory of the present article.

Stéphane A. Dudoignon, National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris
CER: II-4.3.D-402